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HealthMap Global Disease Alerts

23.09.2021

PRO/AH/EDR> Tick-borne encephalitis, West Nile virus - Austria: eastern states, horse, donkey

Tick-borne Encephalitis -- Austria
Citation: de Heus, P.; Kolodziejek, J.; Hubalek, Z.; Dimmel, K. et al. West Nile virus and tick-borne encephalitis virus are endemic in equids in Eastern Austria. Viruses 2021, 13(9), 1873; doi.org/10.3390/v13091873
Abstract
The emergence of West Nile virus (WNV) and Usutu virus (USUV) in addition to the autochthonous tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) in Europe causes rising concern for public and animal health. The first equine case of West Nile neuroinvasive disease in Austria was


23.09.2021

PRO/AH/EDR> BSE, cattle - UK (02): (England) classical, OIE

BSE -- United Kingdom
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Started: 1 Sep 2021
Confirmed: 16 Sep 2021
Reported: 17 Sep 2021
Reason for notification: recurrence
Last occurrence: 27 Sep 2015
Causal agent: prion
Nature of diagnosis: clinical, laboratory
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country.
New outbreaks
Summary of outbreaks
Total outbreaks (1)
Outbreak location 1: Sedgemoor, Somerset, England
Started: 1 Sep 2021
Epidemiological unit: farm
Total animals affected:
Species /


23.09.2021

PRO/AH/EDR> West Nile virus (09): Americas, USA, horse, sheep

West Nile Virus -- United States
The North Dakota Department of Agriculture reports 4 confirmed cases and one suspect case of West Nile virus in horses, and one infected sheep. Animals resided in Ramsey, McIntosh, Stark, Grand Forks, Barnes, and Nelson counties. Two of the animals have died.
According to the CDC, West Nile virus is the leading cause of mosquito-borne disease in the United States. The virus typically infects birds, horses, and people, but any animal can be infected. Vaccines are available to prevent


23.09.2021

PRO/AH/EDR> Equine herpesvirus - North America (12): USA (MN,OR) horse

Equine Herpes Virus -- United States
Herpesvirus is highly contagious among horses and can cause a variety of ailments in equids, including rhinopneumonitis (a respiratory disease usually found in young horses), abortion in broodmares, and equine herpesvirus myeloencephalitis (EHM, the neurologic form).
In many horses, the 1st or only sign of EHV-1 infection is fever, which can go undetected. In addition to fever, other common signs of EHV-1 infection in young horses include cough, decreased appetite, depression, and a nasal


22.09.2021

PRO/PL> Lethal decline, coconut palm - Kenya: alert

Other Plant Disease -- Kenya
Kenya is on a high alert following the outbreak of a coconut disease along the Indian Ocean coast that has so far wiped out the crop in Mozambique and could threaten Kenya's palms. Kenya Plant and Health Inspectorate Service (Kephis) has started a survey to establish if the deadly disease could have reached the country.
The undertaken disease monitoring and surveillance is aimed at stopping the spread if the disease is detected. Mitigation measures will include uprooting and burning




Veterinary Medicine News -- ScienceDaily

28.05.2024

When should you neuter or spay your dog?

A new study updates guidelines for when you should neuter or spay your dog to prevent increased risk of cancer or joint disorders.


22.05.2024

Cuddled cows who work as therapy animals showed a strong preference for women compared to men, study finds

A new study reveals that cows who are cuddled as therapy animals showed a strong preference for interactions with women when compared to men. In turn, the research, which opens a new era on whether some therapies may be initially stronger based upon gender and not procedure, highlighted that the women also reported greater attachment behaviors towards the steers.


17.05.2024

Chronic wasting disease unlikely to move from animals to people

A new study of prion diseases, using a human cerebral organoid model, suggests there is a substantial species barrier preventing transmission of chronic wasting disease (CWD) from cervids -- deer, elk and moose -- to people. The findings are consistent with decades of similar research in animal models.


15.05.2024

H5N1 virus from 2022 mink outbreak capable of inefficient airborne transmission

Highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza was detected in dairy cattle for the first time in the United States in March, with nine states reporting outbreaks by May. While the method of transmission among cattle is currently unknown, new research demonstrates that a related strain of H5N1, subtype clade 2.3.4.4b, which caused an outbreak in farmed mink in 2022, transmitted through the air to a limited number of ferrets. This is the first time that a member of the group of H5N1 clade 2.3.4.4b viruses has been shown to exhibit this ability. According to the researchers, the findings suggest these viruses are evolving to infect mammals and with potentially increased risk to humans.


15.05.2024

Drug compounds to combat neurodegenerative diseases

Prions are the abnormal, pathogenic agents that are transmissible and are able to induce abnormal folding of specific normal cellular proteins. Prion disease is an umbrella term for a group of fatal and currently untreatable neurodegenerative diseases that not only affect humans, but also wild and captive animals. These diseases include Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) in humans, bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE, or 'mad cow disease'), and chronic wasting disease (CWD) affecting deer, elk and moose.